I saw this image on a friend's Facebook page, and I was intrigued. I was pretty sure I had seen images by this artist before, but I could not bring the artist's name to mind. I was pretty sure it was a nineteenth century painting of the Circe cycle, though. Thanks to Google Image search, this came up.
It's John William Waterhouse's The Magic Circle (1886), painted when Waterhouse was 36, two years before he became a member of the Royal Academy. There are several versions of this composition, as according to the WikiCommons citation of the image, Waterhouse often had the habit of simultaneously working on several versions of compositions. Waterhouse (1849-1917) probably began actively producing art and sculpture in the mid-1860s, as an apprentice in his father's studio.
I was wrong, though, about the painting intending to represent Circe. It seems it was Waterhouse's imagining of some distant time in the past, perhaps medieval, when women were thought to be commonly doing magic.
Technically, Waterhouse is not included in the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood (which formally began in the year of his birth), but his friendships with several in that circle put him in the larger set, loosely speaking.
To be continued...
More:The Place of Waterhouse in Late-Victorian Painting George P. Landow, Professor of English and the History of Art, Brown University