Here are the summaries of the statistician's findings on the relative strengths and weaknesses of the two papers, which evaluated the same dataset. A summary is here.
The criticism that the study discarded data from African American subjects just doesn’t hold water. No data was discarded. For the subjects who were linked to birth certificates, the researchers performed additional analyses. In this light, I see a careful observational study that assessed the role of potential confounders.
The biggest weakness that I see for this study is that the researchers could not compare subjects who were vaccinated for MMR to those who were not vaccinated at all. The authors wrote that they “lacked an unvaccinated comparison group.” The truth is that the vast majority of kids are vaccinated. Consequently, this study compared the distribution of vaccination ages for case and control children to see if the timing impacted the risk of autism. It didn’t.
- The full data set has been sliced and diced into a small, biased sample.
- Low birth weight is an uncontrolled, confounding variable
Please read the whole post. I have elided several paragraphs
Thanks to the tiny sample and the uncontrolled confounding variable, Hooker’s results are both imprecise and biased. Consequently, my personal opinion is that Hooker’s results have no scientific value at all.
So. No scandal, no controversy, so no "whistleblower"
I’m Jim Frost and I came to Minitab with a background in a wide variety of academic research. My role was the “data/stat guy” on research projects that ranged from osteoporosis prevention to quantitative studies of online user behavior. Essentially, my job was to design the appropriate research conditions, accurately generate a vast sea of measurements, and then pull out patterns and meanings from it.
Now at Minitab, I am a technical writer who helps people use our software to gain insights from their own data, whether they’re working in quality improvement, academic research, or another field entirely. I’ll be writing about various experiences and practical tidbits that I’ve learned along the way that may help you in your own research endeavors.
The two papers under discussion
1. DeStefano, Frank, Tanya Karapurkar Bhasin, William W. Thompson, Marshalyn Yeargin-Allsopp, and Coleen Boyle, Age at First Measles-Mumps-Rubella Vaccination in Children with Autism and School-Matched Control Subjects: A Population-Based Study in Metropolitan Atlanta, Pediatrics, 2004;113;259
2. Hooker, Brian S., Measles-mumps-rubella vaccination timing and autism among young African American boys: a reanalysis of CDC data, Translational Neurodegeneration 2014, 3:16